Weihnachten in Venezuela. Ab den ersten Dezembertagen ist der Brauch der Aguinaldos in Venezuela zu beobachte. Aguinaldos heißen die Weihnachtslieder. Wenn in Venezuela die Weihnachtszeit beginnt, dann hört man nachts auf einmal Musik auf den Straßen. Gruppen von Sängern ziehen von. In der Weihnachtszeit ziehen Gruppen von Menschen nachts durch die Straßen. Venezuelas und singen Weihnachtslieder. Die Lieder heißen Aguinaldos und.
Wie Maduro Weihnachten einfach mal vorverlegtIch lebe in Venezuela. Ich erzähle euch, wie wir in Venezuela Weihnachten feiern. In der Weihnachtszeit ziehen Gruppen von Menschen nachts durch die. Der Dollar ist zurück in Venezuela und mit ihm viele Importwaren, auch aus den USA, dem Handelsembargo zum Trotz. Vor Geschäften stehen. Mitten im Oktober von Weihnachtszeit zu sprechen, darauf würde in Deutschland allerdings wohl kaum jemand kommen. Venezuelas Staatschef.
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Bisher können sich von den täglich rund 6. Hier können Sie spenden. Vor ein paar Tagen entschied ich mich, diese Gedanken über Instagram zu teilen.
Binnen weniger Minuten erhielt ich jede Menge Direktnachrichten, von Freunden wie von Fremden, die mir Weihnachtsbeleuchtung in gutem Zustand, glitzernde Dekorationen, ein ausgestopftes Rentier und eine aus Lehm gefertigte Krippe anboten.
Ist dies nicht ein schönes Beispiel dafür, wer und was wir sind? Weil wir immer eine helfende Hand ausstrecken, egal wie oft diese Hand ausgeschlagen wurde.
The Venezuelan government maintains a claim against Guyana to Guayana Esequiba. Venezuela is among the most urbanized countries in Latin America;   the vast majority of Venezuelans live in the cities of the north and in the capital.
The territory of Venezuela was colonized by Spain in amid resistance from indigenous peoples. In , it became one of the first Spanish-American territories to declare independence from the Spanish as a department of the federal republic of Gran Colombia.
It gained full sovereignty as a country in During the 19th century, Venezuela suffered political turmoil and autocracy, remaining dominated by regional military dictators until the midth century.
Since , the country has had a series of democratic governments, as an exception where most of the region was ruled by military dictatorships, and the period was characterized by economic prosperity.
Economic shocks in the s and s led to major political crises and widespread social unrest, including the deadly Caracazo riots of , two attempted coups in , and the impeachment of a President for embezzlement of public funds charges in The collapse in confidence in the existing parties saw the Venezuelan presidential election , the catalyst for the Bolivarian Revolution , which began with a Constituent Assembly , where a new Constitution of Venezuela was imposed.
The government populist social welfare policies were bolstered by soaring oil prices,  temporarily increasing social spending,  and reducing economic inequality and poverty in the early years of the regime.
Venezuela is a developing country and ranks 96th on the Human Development Index. It has the world's largest known oil reserves and has been one of the world's leading exporters of oil.
Previously, the country was an underdeveloped exporter of agricultural commodities such as coffee and cocoa , but oil quickly came to dominate exports and government revenues.
The excesses and poor policies of the incumbent government led to the collapse of Venezuela's entire economy. These factors have precipitated the Venezuelan migrant crisis where more than three million people have fled the country.
According to the most popular and accepted version, in , an expedition led by Alonso de Ojeda visited the Venezuelan coast.
Thus, the name "Venezuela" may have evolved from the native word. Evidence exists of human habitation in the area now known as Venezuela from about 15, years ago.
Leaf -shaped tools from this period, together with chopping and plano-convex scraping implements, have been found exposed on the high riverine terraces of the Rio Pedregal in western Venezuela.
It is not known how many people lived in Venezuela before the Spanish conquest; it has been estimated at around one million.
The Timoto—Cuica culture was the most complex society in Pre-Columbian Venezuela, with pre-planned permanent villages, surrounded by irrigated, terraced fields.
They also stored water in tanks. They were peaceful, for the most part, and depended on growing crops.
Regional crops included potatoes and ullucos. They spun vegetable fibers to weave into textiles and mats for housing.
They are credited with having invented the arepa , a staple in Venezuelan cuisine. After the conquest, the population dropped markedly, mainly through the spread of new infectious diseases from Europe.
Great signs are these of the Terrestrial Paradise, for the site conforms to the opinion of the holy and wise theologians whom I have mentioned.
And likewise, the [other] signs conform very well, for I have never read or heard of such a large quantity of fresh water being inside and in such close proximity to salt water; the very mild temperateness also corroborates this; and if the water of which I speak does not proceed from Paradise then it is an even greater marvel, because I do not believe such a large and deep river has ever been known to exist in this world.
In the 16th century, Venezuela was contracted as a concession by the King of Spain to the German Welser banking family Klein-Venedig , — Native caciques leaders such as Guaicaipuro c.
In the 16th century, during the Spanish colonization, indigenous peoples such as many of the Mariches , themselves descendants of the Kalina, converted to Roman Catholicism.
Some of the resisting tribes or leaders are commemorated in place names, including Caracas, Chacao and Los Teques. The early colonial settlements focused on the northern coast,  but in the midth century, the Spanish pushed farther inland along the Orinoco River.
Here, the Ye'kuana then known as the Makiritare organized serious resistance in and Spain's eastern Venezuelan settlements were incorporated into New Andalusia Province.
Administered by the Royal Audiencia of Santo Domingo from the early 16th century, most of Venezuela became part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada in the early 18th century, and was then reorganized as an autonomous Captaincy General starting in The town of Caracas, founded in the central coastal region in , was well-placed to become a key location, being near the coastal port of La Guaira whilst itself being located in a valley in a mountain range, providing defensive strength against pirates and a more fertile and healthy climate.
After a series of unsuccessful uprisings, Venezuela, under the leadership of Francisco de Miranda , a Venezuelan marshal who had fought in the American Revolution and the French Revolution , declared independence as the First Republic of Venezuela on 5 July A devastating earthquake that struck Caracas in , together with the rebellion of the Venezuelan llaneros , helped bring down the republic.
The end of the French invasion of homeland Spain in allowed the preparation of a large expeditionary force to the American provinces under general Pablo Morillo , with the goal to regain the lost territory in Venezuela and New Granada.
This republic was short-lived as only two years later, during the Congress of Angostura of , the union of Venezuela with New Granada was decreed to form the Republic of Gran Colombia.
The colors of the Venezuelan flag are yellow, blue, and red: the yellow stands for land wealth, the blue for the sea that separates Venezuela from Spain, and the red for the blood shed by the heroes of independence.
Slavery in Venezuela was abolished in This culminated in the Federal War — , a civil war in which hundreds of thousands died in a country with a population of not much more than a million people.
In , a longstanding dispute with Great Britain about the territory of Guayana Esequiba, which Britain claimed as part of British Guiana and Venezuela saw as Venezuelan territory, erupted into the Venezuela Crisis of The dispute became a diplomatic crisis when Venezuela's lobbyist, William L.
Scruggs , sought to argue that British behavior over the issue violated the United States' Monroe Doctrine of , and used his influence in Washington, D.
Then, U. A tribunal convened in Paris in to decide the issue and in awarded the bulk of the disputed territory to British Guiana. Castro defaulted on Venezuela's considerable foreign debts and declined to pay compensation to foreigners caught up in Venezuela's civil wars.
This led to the Venezuela Crisis of — , in which Britain, Germany and Italy imposed a naval blockade of several months before international arbitration at the new Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague was agreed.
The discovery of massive oil deposits in Lake Maracaibo during World War I  proved to be pivotal for Venezuela and transformed the basis of its economy from a heavy dependence on agricultural exports.
It prompted an economic boom that lasted into the s; by , Venezuela's per capita gross domestic product was Latin America's highest.
He remained the most powerful man in Venezuela until his death in , although at times he ceded the presidency to others.
Angarita granted a range of reforms, including the legalization of all political parties. The expansion of the Venezuelan economy in this period was based on the indebtedness of the Venezuelan nation and that was one of the causes of the economic crisis in Venezuela in the s,  in which important projects such as the Urban Center El Recreo de Marcel Brauer on Avenida Casanova in Sabana Grande district were paralyzed.
It was an antecedent of the populist and paternalistic economic regime of the later democratic regimes. The malaise over the debts of Venezuela reached the barracks and the national business.
The two first parties would dominate the political landscape for four decades. Most of these movements laid down their arms under Rafael Caldera 's first presidency — ; Caldera had won the election for COPEI, being the first time a party other than Democratic Action took the presidency through a democratic election.
The new democratic order had its antagonists. Betancourt suffered an attack planned by the Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo in , and the leftists excluded from the Pact initiated an armed insurgency by organizing themselves in the Armed Forces of National Liberation, sponsored by the Communist Party and Fidel Castro.
At the same time, Betancourt promoted a foreign policy, the Betancourt Doctrine , in which he only recognized elected governments by popular vote.
The construction industry was revitalized through the "rediscount" of the Central Bank of Venezuela. The Economic Recovery Plan fulfilled its objectives and in , Venezuela was able to return to an anchored exchange rate, with free purchase and sale of foreign currency.
This system lasted until the Venezuelan Black Friday of , although the model was already running out at the end of the seventies.
For much of the period between and , the Venezuelan economy was characterized by its stability and sustained strength, factors that contributed decisively to being able to maintain a fixed exchange rate without major inconveniences.
The economic bonanza also had the characteristics of an economic bubble, but Venezuelans remember the "Ta barato, dame dos".
This led to massive increases in public spending, but also increases in external debts, which continued into the s when the collapse of oil prices during the s crippled the Venezuelan economy.
As the government started to devalue the currency in February to face its financial obligations, Venezuelans' real standards of living fell dramatically.
A number of failed economic policies and increasing corruption in government led to rising poverty and crime, worsening social indicators, and increased political instability.
Most of these works had been previously planned. This translated into sustained increases in the average real wage and an improvement in the condition of life.
The bolivar was devalued in February , unleashing a strong economic crisis, which hit investments in the most important financial centers of the Venezuelan capital, such as Sabana Grande.
Nach der Bescherung geht es aber nicht etwa ins Bett, sondern es wird weiter gefeiert, gesungen, getanzt und gespeist bis zum Morgengrauen.
Der Wollen Sie Weihnachten in Venezuela erleben? Dann schauen Sie doch bei unseren Reisen nach Venezuela!
Zusätzlich bekommt er ein niedliches Gesicht verpasst und wird bis Heiligabend mit Nüssen und Früchten gefüttert. Am Dezember geht's dann richtig zur Sache.
Die Familienmitglieder schlagen dann nämlich mit Stöcken auf den Stamm ein, während feierlich Weihnachtslieder geträllert werden.
Was das alles soll, fragst du dich? Trotzdem sind die Deutschen für Weihnachten bekannt und einige Rituale wurden von anderen Ländern übernommen.
Allerdings gibt es auch Länder, die Traditionen pflegen, die du bestimmt noch nicht kennst und die dir gefallen könnten:. So ein weihnachtlicher Saunagang gehört zum Pflichtprogramm bei den Finnen an Heiligabend.
Eine lustige Vorstellung allemal. Nachdem gemeinsam geschwitzt wurde, wird auf den Weihnachtsmann gewartet. Wie jedoch in den nächsten Wochen die Wirtschaft - wie von Maduro angekündigt - wieder in Schwung kommen soll, ist unklar.
Denn am venezolanischen Pandemie-Sonderweg will er weitgehend festhalten. Seit Juli wechseln sich in dem südamerikanischen Land sieben Tage, in denen nur Arbeiten in systemrelevanten Bereichen gestattet sind, mit jeweils sieben Tagen der Lockerungen ab.
Die versprochenen Mikrokredite und die Öffnung touristischer Einrichtungen - für welche Touristen überhaupt? Das Einschwören auf die Weihnachtszeit mag die Bevölkerung für den Moment ruhigstellen - doch damit verschaffe sich das Regime höchstens etwas Zeit, glaubt Wilhelm vom Hilfswerk Adveniat.
Wie umgehen mit einer Regierung, die nach einem Bericht der Vereinten Nationen für schwere Menschenrechtsverletzungen verantwortlich gemacht wird?
Deutschlands Venezuela-Politik gleicht weiterhin einem Drahtseilakt. Der einstige Präsidentschaftskandidat Henrique Capriles nicht unbedingt. Am Samstag 7.
November - h 0 Kommentare Venezuela: Herrschaft der Kleptokraten verschlechtert massiv die Lebensqualität der Bevölkerung Ein schon längst gescheitertes System sorgt im südamerikanischen Land Venezuela für Chaos und ernsthaften Schwierigkeiten.
September - h 0 Kommentare Venezuela: Kriminelle Diktatur muss zur Rechenschaft gezogen werden Vor den Augen der Weltöffentlichkeit begeht die venezolanische Diktatur gezielt Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit.
September - h 0 Kommentare Schweiz fordert mehr Transparenz im internationalen Goldhandel Die Schweiz hat am September bei der Weltzollorganisation einen Vorschlag zur Anpassung der internationalen zolltarifarischen Klassifizierung von Gold eingereicht.